Work from Home Tax

Work from Home Tax

Work from Home Tax
English Lesson – When to use the ‘infinitive’ (verb + to) and when to use a ‘verb + ing’,
based on the article:

Should you pay higher taxes because you work from home? by Julia Horowitz, CNN Business (London)    https://edition.cnn.com/2020/11/12/business/work-from-home-tax/index.html

Many people are discovering they enjoy working from home. Should they pay higher taxes if they decide to stay away from the office even after the pandemic?

The idea was floated this week by a research team at Deutsche Bank. It proposed a tax on remote workers once the coronavirus is brought under control to support the economic recovery and subsidize the wages of people in low-paid jobs who can’t choose their place of work.

“The sudden shift to [work from home] means that, for the first time in history, a big chunk of people have disconnected themselves from the face-to-face world yet are still leading a full economic life,” thematic research analyst Luke Templeman said in a new report. “That means remote workers are contributing less to the infrastructure of the economy whilst still receiving its benefits.”

A Deutsche Bank survey found that after the Covid-19 crisis has passed, 60% of people who started working from home during the pandemic want to continue doing so for two or more days a week. For them, the financial benefits of not commuting, buying lunch or dressing for the office, plus the flexibility and convenience, outweigh the stress of having to juggle family and work or cope with a makeshift desk.

But Templeman argues that there’s a big cost to the broader economy, which was designed to support in-person work.

To solve this problem, he proposes a work-from-home tax on 5% of wages. Employers would be responsible for the extra cost if they don’t provide workers with permanent desks. If workers choose to spend part of the week at home, however, the tax would be deducted from their paychecks on a per-diem basis.

The cost would be roughly equivalent to expenses tied to going into work, such as commuting and lunch, Templeman said.

Governments could spend the money the tax raises on grants for low-paid workers who aren’t able to do their jobs remotely, he added.

“Many of these people are those who assumed the health risks of working during the pandemic and are far more ‘essential’ than their wage level suggests,” Templeman said.

He estimates that such a tax could raise $48 billion per year in the United States, along with £6.9 billion ($9.1 billion) in the United Kingdom and €15.9 billion ($18.8 billion) in Germany.

lnfinitive and verb + -ing forms

Use the infinitive:
• to say why we do something:
         I’ve just gone to the store toget a few things we need to make dinner.
He’s taken up a new hobby to make friends.

• to say why something exists:
       There are diagrams to show you how to assemble the machine.
• after too and enough:
        It’s too hot to go climbing today.
       The quality isn’t good enough to purchase this material at the current price.

Use the infinitive in the following verb patterns:
verb + to infinitive
    agree, appear, bother, decide, demand,  fail, hope, learn, manage,
    offer, plan, refuse, seem, be, supposed, threaten

        We agreed to meet and listen to their offer.
He refused to listen to reason.
We intend to be the most profitable manufacturer in the region within 2 years.

verb + somebody/ something + to infinitive (Verbs followed by a direct object and a to-infinitive)
        ask, choose, expect, help, intend, promise, want  advise, allow, enable, encourage,
forbid, force, invite, order,
permit, persuade, recommend, remind, teach, tell, warn
            I expect you to arrive on time
           We advised him to take a taxi after we left the bar.
The money allowed her
to open a new business.

Verb + -ing

We use a verb + -ing:
after  prepositions:
     Hes made a lot of money by working long hours.
     We learned
about tasting wine at the local vineyard.

Note: We also use a verb  + -ing after ‘to’ when ‘to’ is a preposition:
I’m looking forward to seeing you soon.
We’re used to working right up to the deadline.
• as subjects or objects of a sentence:    
       Investing is riskier than ever in today’s market.
      They decided to quit surfing.
• We use a verb + -ing after these verbs:
    admit, appreciate, avoid, celebrate, consider, delay, deny, dislike, enjoy, finish,  
    imagine, involve, keep, mind, miss, postpone, practice, regret, risk, stop, suggest
        He really disliked losing the election.
We keep thinking that this will all be over soon.

To see a slightly more detailed explanation of when to use the ‘infinitive’ and when to use ‘verb + ing’, click this link:
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/es/gramatica/gramatica-britanica/verb-patterns-verb-infinitive-or-verb-ing

For the full lesson and access to teacher-feedback, click this link to enter our platform with:
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https://moodle.wellandwill.com/course/view.php?id=80#section-3

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